Importance of lighting in interior design

Importance of lighting in interior design

The interiors of your home reflect your inner soul and lighting plays a pivotal role in this representation. Lighting your home does more than just create an ambiance or set the mood; it can also make your room appear different, dimensionally. Getting the lighting right is therefore not just about choosing a stylish chandelier or lampshade, it demands detailed planning and installation. In this blog, we will understand the different types of lighting and their significance in interior design.

Understanding lighting in interior design

A good interior design always incorporates effective lighting. Beyond mere visibility, lighting establishes mood, and highlights specific objects or areas of a room. Incorporating a lighting plan during the design process ensures optimal colour representation, enhanced functionality, and aesthetic richness in your spaces. To achieve the best lighting effects in your rooms, it’s essential to know the nuances of ambient, task, and accent lighting, ensuring the desired setting in your personal space.

Types of Lighting

There are three types of lighting in interior design. They are as follows:

  1. Ambient Lighting:- One of the most important aspects of lighting in a room is ambient lighting. It provides general illumination in the room. In addition to basic lighting, ambient light enhances the sense of warmth and depth in your space. Recessed lights, chandeliers, and track lights are widely used for ambient lighting in interiors. The ambient light ensures that spaces are functional, safe, and aesthetically pleasing. When planning lighting for interiors, it’s important to start with ambient lighting to elevate the overall experience of any space.
  2. Task Lighting:- Task lighting, as the name suggests, provides illumination for specific tasks. These lights focus on particular areas where activities such as reading, cooking, or working on a computer occur. Task lighting offers several benefits. It improves performance and productivity, enhances atmosphere and mood, and reduces eye strain. Many task lights, including desk lamps, ceiling pendants, floor lamps, under-cabinet lights, reading lights, etc. come in stylish designs that serve as decorative elements in the space as well. Task lighting ensures your daily tasks are efficiently performed in proper lighting. In interior design, these lights strike the perfect balance, catering to both aesthetic and functional needs.
  3. Accent Lighting:- Accent lighting is widely used to add layers, depth, and intrigue to space in addition to illumination. It highlights architectural details such as alcoves, archways, or decorative mouldings. Furthermore, accent lighting illuminates’ specific areas, creating an atmosphere or mood, enhancing texture, and adding aesthetic appeal. Examples include shelf or cabinet lighting, toe kick lighting, picture lights, wall sconces, LED strip lights, etc. The incorporation of accent lighting significantly enhances the beauty, functionality, and ambiance of any space.
  4. Architectural Lighting:- Architectural lighting involves the integration of light sources into the built environment. Its primary aim is to accentuate architectural features, ensure functionality, and set the desired ambiance. In interior design, architectural lighting not only fulfils the need for illumination but also complements and enhances spatial aesthetics. This type of lighting is widely used to add brilliance to a space and to highlight artwork. It can also encompass various other lighting types.


Lighting holds the power to transform, elevate, and breathe life into spaces. Therefore, when it comes to interiors, it’s essential to utilise lighting to the fullest, not only to enhance the space aesthetically but also to influence emotions, behaviours, and overall living experience.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) :

Q1. How can I make a small room appear larger using lighting?
There are multiple ways to make your small room appear larger using lighting. You can maximise natural lighting that will create a bright, airy ambience and make the room appear larger. You may also opt for a combination of ambient, task, and accent lighting that adds depth and dimension to the room. Uniform lighting throughout the room can make the room appear larger too.

Q2. What is the best lighting for a home office?
Good lighting in a home office is essential for productivity, comfort, and eye health. While natural light is best for reducing eye strain you can also opt for ambient lighting that illuminates the room thoroughly to boost your mood and alertness. You can also seek for specific lights designed for tasks, like reading or writing.

Q3. Can I mix different lighting styles in one room?
Yes, you can mix different lighting styles in one room. Doing so can add depth, interest, and functionality to the space. However, it’s essential to maintain a sense of harmony and purpose. Understanding the primary purpose of the room will help you decide which types of lighting you need. For instance, a study might require strong task lighting, ambient lighting for relaxation, and accent lighting for decorative elements.

Q4. What is the role of task lighting in interior design?
Task lighting plays a crucial role in interior design by providing targeted illumination for specific tasks, enhancing functionality, and improving the overall aesthetics of a space. It helps in specific illumination, reduces eye strain, and enhances safety. Aesthetically task lighting helps highlight design features, and creates depth and dimension in the room. Since they are available in various styles, they can be both functional and decorative.

Q5. What is the purpose of accent lighting in interior design?
Accent lighting in interior design serves to emphasize specific features like it can draw attention to specific architectural details, such as archways, columns, niches, or coffered ceilings. It helps illuminate paintings, sculptures, or any other artworks. Display cabinets, bookshelves, and alcoves can also benefit from accent lighting, spotlighting treasured collections or decorative objects. Accent lighting allows designers and homeowners to spotlight what they deem essential or beautiful, creating a desired atmosphere and adding depth to the environment.

Q6. What is architectural lighting, and how does it contribute to interior design?
Architectural lighting refers to a type of lighting design and application where light fixtures are integrated or incorporated into the architectural structure of a space. It is a blend of art and science, focusing on both the aesthetic appeal of a building and its functionality. These lights serve as a bridge between architecture and interior design.